• Track changes occurring inside materials during formation on the static to millisecond scale.

• Depth-profile strain analysis using high-energy X-rays.

• Looking inside concrete mixtures for phase and structure mapping during wetting.

• Follow aging processes at microscopic scales with long-term sample monitoring.

• Strain and stress analysis using energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction.

• Damage and failure testing on coatings using X-ray diffraction.

• Watching material flow in casting and injection processes.

• Monitoring solidification processes in melts and alloys.

• Studying buried interfaces.


Additively Manufactured Components

Experiments at the ESRF provided residual stress profiles in additively manufactured components. This could ultimately enable the design of higher performance products in, for example, the aerospace sector. 


Fan blades

Rolls Royce and the University of Manchester carried out diffraction experiments to understand the structural changes taking place in aeroplane fan blades during the service throughout their lives. 


Glass-forming melts

X-ray diffraction has helped scientists to study undercooled glass-forming melts and establish a correlation between crystalline structure, liquid short range order and the crystal growth kinetics, in order to understand the mechanism governing crystal growth and glass formation.